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Evaluation of the effect of sodium silicate addition to mine backfill, Gelfill − Part 1

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Kermani, M., Hassani, F.P., Aflaki, E., Benzaazoua, M. et Nokken, M. (2015). Evaluation of the effect of sodium silicate addition to mine backfill, Gelfill − Part 1. Journal of Rock Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering , 7 (3). p. 266-272. doi:10.1016/j.jrmge.2015.03.006 Repéré dans Depositum à https://depositum.uqat.ca/id/eprint/1005

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Résumé

In this paper, the mechanical properties of sodium silicate-fortified backfill, called Gelfill, were investigated by conducting a series of laboratory experiments. Two configurations were tested, i.e. Gelfill and cemented hydraulic fill (CHF). The Gelfill has an alkali activator such as sodium silicate in its materials in addition to primary materials of mine backfill which are tailings, water and binders. Large numbers of samples of Gelfill and CHF with various mixture designs were cast and cured for over 28 d. The mechanical properties of samples were investigated using uniaxial compression test, and the results were compared with those of reference samples made without sodium silicate. The test results indicated that the addition of an appropriate amount of an alkali activator such as sodium silicate can enhance the mechanical (uniaxial compressive strength) and physical (water retention) properties of backfill. The microstructure analysis conducted by mercury intrusion porosimetry (MIP) revealed that the addition of sodium silicate can modify the pore size distribution and total porosity of Gelfill, which can contribute to the better mechanical properties of Gelfill. It was also shown that the time and rate of drainage in the Gelfill specimens are less than those in CHF specimens made without sodium silicate. Finally, the study showed that the addition of sodium silicate can reduce the required setting time of mine backfill, which can contribute to increase mine production in accordance with the mine safety.

Type de document: Article
Informations complémentaires: Licence d'utilisation : CC-BY-NC-ND
Mots-clés libres: Gelfill; Cemented hydraulic backfill; Sodium silicate; Mercury intrusion porosimetry (MIP) Drainage
Divisions: Mines et eaux souterraines
Date de dépôt: 01 avr. 2020 16:13
Dernière modification: 28 mai 2020 18:09
URI: https://depositum.uqat.ca/id/eprint/1005

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