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Above- and Belowground Development of a Fast-Growing Willow Planted in Acid-Generating Mine Technosol

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Guittonny-Larchevêque, M. et Lortie, S. (2017). Above- and Belowground Development of a Fast-Growing Willow Planted in Acid-Generating Mine Technosol. Journal of Environmental Quality , 46 (6). p. 1462-1471. doi:10.2134/jeq2017.03.0128 Repéré dans Depositum à https://depositum.uqat.ca/id/eprint/1035

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Résumé

Surface metal mining produces large volumes of waste rocks. If they contain sulfide minerals, these rocks can generate a flow of acidic water from the mining site, known as acid mine drainage (AMD), which increases trace metals availability for plant roots. Adequate root development is crucial to decreasing planting stress and improving phytoremediation with woody species. However, techniques to improve revegetation success rarely take into account root development. An experiment was conducted at a gold mine in Quebec, Canada, to evaluate the establishment ability over 3 yr of a fast-growing willow (Salix miyabeana Sx64) planted in acid-generating waste rocks. The main objective was to study root development in the soil profile and trace element accumulation in leaves among substrates varying in thickness (0, 20, and 40 cm of soil) and composition (organic carbon [OC] and alkaline AMD treatment sludge). Trees directly planted in waste rocks survived well (69%) but had the lowest productivity (lowest growth in height and diameter, aerial biomass, total leaf area, and root-system size). By contrast, the treatment richer in OC showed the greatest aerial biomass and total leaf area the first year; the thicker treatment resulted in the greatest growth in height and diameter, aboveground biomass, and root-system size in both the first and third years. Willow root development was restricted to soil layers during the first year, but this restriction was overcome in the third year after planting. Willow accumulation factors in leaves were below one for all investigated trace metals except for zinc (Zn), cadmium (Cd), and strontium. For Cd and Zn, concentrations increased with time in willow foliage, decreasing the potential of this willow species use for phytostabilization, despite its ability to rapidly develop extensive root systems in the mine Technosol.

Type de document: Article
Informations complémentaires: Licence d'utilisation : CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0
Mots-clés libres: Reclamation; Coal mine; Coal mining; Acid mine drainage; Root development; willow; Accumulation factors; Above ground biomass; Phytoremediation; Phytostabilization
Divisions: Génie
Mines et eaux souterraines
Date de dépôt: 21 avr. 2020 17:58
Dernière modification: 04 juin 2020 19:35
URI: https://depositum.uqat.ca/id/eprint/1035

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