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Using dynamicN-mixture models to test cavity limitation on northern flying squirrel demographic parameters using experimental nest box supplementation

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Priol, Pauline, Mazerolle, Marc J., Imbeau, Louis, Drapeau, Pierre, Trudeau, Caroline et Ramière, Jessica (2014). Using dynamicN-mixture models to test cavity limitation on northern flying squirrel demographic parameters using experimental nest box supplementation. Ecology and Evolution , 4 (11). p. 2165-2177. doi:10.1002/ece3.1086 Repéré dans Depositum à https://depositum.uqat.ca/id/eprint/1043

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Résumé

Dynamic N-mixture models have been recently developed to estimate demographic parameters of unmarked individuals while accounting for imperfect detection. We propose an application of the Dail and Madsen (2011: Biometrics, 67, 577–587) dynamic N-mixture model in a manipulative experiment using a before-after control-impact design (BACI). Specifically, we tested the hypothesis of cavity limitation of a cavity specialist species, the northern flying squirrel, using nest box supplementation on half of 56 trapping sites. Our main purpose was to evaluate the impact of an increase in cavity availability on flying squirrel population dynamics in deciduous stands in northwestern Quebec with the dynamic N-mixture model. We compared abundance estimates from this recent approach with those from classic capture–mark–recapture models and generalized linear models. We compared apparent survival estimates with those from Cormack–Jolly–Seber (CJS) models. Average recruitment rate was 6 individuals per site after 4 years. Nevertheless, we found no effect of cavity supplementation on apparent survival and recruitment rates of flying squirrels. Contrary to our expectations, initial abundance was not affected by conifer basal area (food availability) and was negatively affected by snag basal area (cavity availability). Northern flying
squirrel population dynamics are not influenced by cavity availability at our deciduous sites. Consequently, we suggest that this species should not be considered an indicator of old forest attributes in our study area, especially in view of apparent wide population fluctuations across years. Abundance estimates from N-mixture models were similar to those from capture–mark–recapture models, although the latter had greater precision. Generalized linear mixed models produced lower abundance estimates, but revealed the same relationship between abundance and snag basal area. Apparent survival estimates from N-mixture models were higher and less precise than those from CJS models. However, N-mixture models can be particularly useful to evaluate management effects on animal populations, especially for species that are difficult to detect in situations where individuals cannot be uniquely identified. They also allow investigating the effects of covariates at the site level, when low recapture rates would require restricting classic CMR analyses to a subset of sites with the most captures.

Type de document: Article
Informations complémentaires: Licence d'utilisation : CC-BY 4.0
Mots-clés libres: Abundance; apparent survival; BACI design; Dail–Madsen open N-mixture mode; Glaucomys sabrinus; habitat selection; manipulative experiment; recruitment; snags; tree cavities
Divisions: Forêts
Sciences appliquées
Date de dépôt: 21 avr. 2020 19:07
Dernière modification: 20 mai 2020 13:44
URI: https://depositum.uqat.ca/id/eprint/1043

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