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Intra-Ring Wood Density and Dynamic Modulus of Elasticity Profiles for Black Spruce and Jack Pine from X-ray Densitometry and Ultrasonic Wave Velocity Measurement

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Kharrat, Wassim, Koubaa, Ahmed, Khlif, Mohamed et Bradai, Chedly (2019). Intra-Ring Wood Density and Dynamic Modulus of Elasticity Profiles for Black Spruce and Jack Pine from X-ray Densitometry and Ultrasonic Wave Velocity Measurement. Forests , 10 (7). p. 569. doi:10.3390/f10070569 Repéré dans Depositum à https://depositum.uqat.ca/id/eprint/1111

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Résumé

Currently, ultrasonic measurement is a widely used nondestructive approach to determine wood elastic properties, including the dynamic modulus of elasticity (DMOE). DMOE is determined based on wood density and ultrasonic wave velocity measurement. The use of wood average density to estimate DMOE introduces significant imprecision: Density varies due to intra-tree and intra-ring differences and differing silvicultural treatments. To ensure accurateDMOEassessment, we developed a prototype device to measure ultrasonic wave velocity with the same resolution as that provided by the X-ray densitometer for measuring wood density. A nondestructive method based on X-ray densitometry and the developed prototype was applied to determine radial and intra-ring wood DMOE profiles. This method provides accurate information on wood mechanical properties and their sources of variation. High-order polynomials were used to model intra-ring wood density and DMOE profiles in black spruce and jack pine wood. The transition from earlywood to latewood was defined as the inflection point. High and highly significant correlations were obtained between predicted and measured wood density and DMOE. An examination of the correlations between wood radial growth, density, and DMOE revealed close correlations between density and DMOE in rings, earlywood, and latewood.

Type de document: Article
Informations complémentaires: Licence d'utilisation : CC-BY 4.0
Mots-clés libres: Dynamic modulus of elasticity; Intra-ring variation; Nondestructive assessment; Ultrasonic wave velocity measurement; Wood mechanical properties
Divisions: Forêts
Génie
Date de dépôt: 08 mai 2020 17:50
Dernière modification: 08 mai 2020 17:50
URI: https://depositum.uqat.ca/id/eprint/1111

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