Habitat, Climate, and Fisher and Marten Distributions


Téléchargements par mois depuis la dernière année

Plus de statistiques...

Suffice, Pauline, Cheveau, Marianne, Imbeau, Louis, Mazerolle, Marc J., Asselin, Hugo et Drapeau, Pierre (2020). Habitat, Climate, and Fisher and Marten Distributions. The Journal of Wildlife Management , 84 (2). pp. 277-292. doi:10.1002/jwmg.21795 Repéré dans Depositum à https://depositum.uqat.ca/id/eprint/905 (Sous Presse)

[thumbnail of sufficeetal_jwm_2020_pp_vdepositum.pdf]
Télécharger (1MB) | Prévisualisation


Since the mid‐twentieth century, fisher populations (Pekania pennanti) increased in several eastern jurisdictions of North America, particularly in the northern part of the species’ range. Changes in fisher distribution have led to increased overlap with the southern portion of the range of American marten (Martes americana), whose populations may be locally declining. This overlap occurs particularly in habitats undergoing natural and anthropogenic modification. The objective of our study was to determine the respective effects of habitat changes and climatic conditions on fisher and marten populations in Quebec, Canada, based on trapper knowledge. We analyzed annual fisher and marten harvest (number of pelts sold/100 km2) between the 1984–1985 and 2014–2015 trapping seasons using linear mixed models. Fisher harvest increased with the increased abundance of mixed forests >12m tall, resulting from decades of forest harvesting. Fisher harvest decreased with increasing spring rains, which can affect survival when rearing young. Marten harvest decreased with increasing winter rains, which lower thermoregulation capacity and hamper movements by creating an ice crust on the snowpack, reducing access to subnivean areas. Decline in marten harvest during the 30‐year study period coincided with an increase in fisher harvest, suggesting possible interspecific competition. Results highlight that managers should strive to maintain mixedwood stands taller than 12m to maintain high quality habitat for fishers. Our study confirms the importance of working with trappers to assess furbearing population trends in response to habitat changes and climatic conditions.

Type de document: Article
Informations complémentaires: Licence d'utilisation : CC-BY-NC 4.0 https://authorservices.wiley.com/author-resources/Journal-Authors/licensing/self-archiving.html
Mots-clés libres: American marten; Fisher; Forest harvesting; Furbearer management; Mixedwood forest; Mustelids; Pelt sales; Rain
Divisions: Forêts
Sciences appliquées
Date de dépôt: 04 mars 2020 15:56
Dernière modification: 28 nov. 2020 05:00
URI: https://depositum.uqat.ca/id/eprint/905

Gestion Actions (Identification requise)

Dernière vérification avant le dépôt Dernière vérification avant le dépôt